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Do you like broken Bones? I don't, which is why I am hot on this subject!!
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Are You one of the Millions who get on suspect Horses WITHOUT MOUTHS and without Rein Control Australian Horsemanship style???? Are You going to be one of these statistics?????
The Power of the “One Rein Stop” is rarely taught and therefore rarely understood. I cannot recommend your understanding of this subject highly enough and should you heed the following advice, you will be far better equipped to protect your safety in the years ahead.
Update 5th June, 2016
It is no accident that I have gained this knowledge as I have ridden Thousands of problem horses throughout my career. I hasten to say, that should I have not become proficient in both training horses the procedure and the speed and technique required to carry it out successfully, my list of serious injuries would be far higher than it is today.
You may read this article in conjunction with the “Mouthing a Horse” piece but forgive me if I overlap the two for those who have not read the other.
Has your horse got a top 'Lateral Mouth'? You should know. Here is the test, go do it?
Go to the Round Pen and put a bridle and roller on. Rung the lunge rein clip from the bit, though the side D ring of the roller and back to you in the centre of the yard. Lunge the horse at the trot, briskly. Without warning, haul the horse up and demand a 'One Rein Stop'. Not with softness, with assertiveness. 20 kg. You will instantly know what you are feeling. If you see what appears in the photo's below, be careful and release or the horse will rear. You would be a 'Mug' for riding such a horse.
When the ‘breaker” starts a young horse, he should be mindful of putting a top “Lateral Mouth” on the horse in order to facilitate the “One Rein Stop” For the purposes of this article, “Lateral Mouth” means the ease in which a horse will give it’s head around to the side when a rider pulls on one rein or the other. The “Front Brakes” are when a rider does the conventional and just pulls on both reins to stop the horse.
So, no matter how good the “Front Brakes” are, during the first few rides and even later in the career of the young horse, should things come unstuck, i.e.. buck jumping or attempts at bolting, there is no chance of stopping the horse from carrying these things through and learning the first and most dangerous lessons of it’s career if you rely on just the “Front Brakes”. The first few rides are crucial in determining the success or failure of the job. Horses learn the bad things quickly and the good things slowly. You must therefore be able to make dead certain that you have control over the horse from the first ride and onwards through it’s career. If this is the case, any dramas can be stifled immediately and never progress to a dangerous stage for the rider or the horse.
Do you know what a great feeling it is to know that any young horse that I have started and am riding, just cannot run through my hands or buck because of the all powerful mouth which is totally over powering of the mind?
There is another aspect to this subject that a lot of people don’t know. I mention this so that the reader of this article and in lot’s of cases they are the recipients of my services toward their young horse, can fully appreciate the use of the “One Rein Stop”
When the “Breaker” first mounts the young horse, there is no real way of getting
it to move off. This is because the horse obviously doesn’t understand legs etc.
Anyhow, when it eventually does and given that it doesn’t try to buck or run,
the first stop is so crucial it is beyond belief. Most will walk a few paces and
then apply the brakes. The result is crude to watch at it’s best and often see
the horse with it’s mouth wide open and the breaker straining against the mouth
with force way in advance of what should be used to achieve understanding that a
stop is required.
This Horse would have Bucked off the majority of Britain. Well done Katy. If she can do it, You cfan all do it.
Certainly not until the horse understands what stop means. I have found it
preferable therefore, to achieve stop with the one rein, during which the
pressure of the bit is being put on the outside of the horses face rather than
inside it’s mouth. Once this is established, the horse has a stop to the one
rein established, a stop to seat coming and then when I institute the brakes,
the beginnings of a stop to brakes as well. Further, more and more lateral
submission is being re-enforced each time I carry out a lateral stop. In effect,
brainwashing the horse from day one that there is just no way that it can run
through your hands, get it’s head down to buck and so on. Right from the start
and throughout it’s life.
USES OF THE ONE REIN STOP
Apart from the retaining of continual lightness in a horse, the regular use of the “One Rein Stop” is important and can be used for the following issues:
· To take control of a horse that is thinking about getting up to no good.
· To stop “Pig Rooting and or bucking”
· To stop a horse running through a rides hands, or learning to bolt.
· To keep a light lateral mouth and therefore a light mind.
· To make a horse stand.
To stop a horse from panicking about above average frightening events.
THE SECOND PHASE
With regard to the “Breaker” or the newly broken in horse, called a “Green” horse, we can only use the first 50% of the mechanics of the “One Rein Stop” because the horse does not “leg yield” yet. As soon as it does learn to “leg yield”, we can add the second part of the complete and sophisticated “One Rein Stop”, that of dis-engaging the hindquarters and taking the power away from the back end of the horse. The end that produces all those nasty things.
Young horses that we break in learn to leg yield about three weeks into the procedure. Once they can do a turn on the forehand, then we add that to complete the full one rein stop. Here are the complete steps to follow:
1. Ride the horse along in walk or trot.
2. Have the reins held in what ever manner you do.
3. Use either the left or right hand and alternate often.
4. If we are using our right hand, move your right hand to near your left hand, and grab the right rein behind the right hand in case the right hand drops the rein during the procedure.
5. Slide the right hand quickly down the right rein to a point where your arm is entirely outstretched and you may even be leaning forward a little. (although not necessary)
6. Take the slack out of the right rein if there is any and then demand the horse’s head and nose around to your knee in an immediate and assertive manner.
7. Simultaneously apply right leg behind the girth and leg yield the horse’s rear end around in a forehand turn of 180 degrees so the horse ends up facing the opposite direction that it was traveling.
8. Hold the head in place for 10 seconds and make the horse give lightness before your release, patting the horse and having a little break.
The direction of travel of your rein hand and arm is highly important and I will therefore explain this in detail as well.
When you get taught to ride, ride western or Olympic Dressage, the correct manner of holding the reins is for your forearm to form a straight line from the point of your elbow that is adjacent to your hipbone to the bit. It is therefore highly important that when you complete a “One Rein Stop”, the direction of travel for your hand is in a direct line from bit to your hip, thus giving the rider the most power and strength possible. The following is incorrect:
· Pulling your hand down across your upper leg.
· Pulling your rein hand towards your navel.
· Pulling upwards towards a shoulder.
· Pulling outwards into mid air, out away from the horse.
All of these techniques are incorrect and more importantly, causes a weakness in
the rider’s ability to pull a horses head around, especially one that is trying
to be ignorant for a variety of reasons as explained above. If the horse gets
into it's mind that it wants to be naughty, it becomes the most ignorant in the
mouth than it will ever be. That is why you need all the strength that you can
muster. Do not be gentle about it. You are pulling on the outside of the face of
HAND AND ARM ACTION FOR ONE REIN STOP
click on photo's to enlarge
If your horse has a mouth
like this, you will not be doing a One Rein Stop. Part of the training of such a
maneuver is the improvement of the lateral mouth. This is typical of what I meet
almost daily. To re-mouth the horse is a very simple thing but first do the teeth.
THE LATERAL MOUTH
Go here for the test of the Lateral Mouth of YOUR Horse.
and with the lightness comes this. 12th ride in her life.
If your horse has a mouth like this, you will not be doing a One Rein Stop. Part of the training of such a maneuver is the improvement of the lateral mouth. This is typical of what I meet almost daily. To re-mouth the horse is a very simple thing but first do the teeth.
Unless your horse is prepared in the mouth, you may cause it to rear. Any indication of this and you must release the reins and go back to square one.
Bits that no not
have side bars on them like the FM of Tom Thumb, should have a leather keeper
hanging behind the jaw so that the cannot slide through the mouth during this
procedure and end up the side of the head of the horse. The FM Bit is the one to
This is called the 'One Rein Stop'. That means one rein, not two. You must throw a complete loop into the outside rein and there must be zero contact with the outside of the mouth of the horse. Any interference caused by the outside rein makes it a bad 2 rein stop and equals the brakes which equals the rear. Read my lips. Loop the outside rein or even drop it.
So there you go. One of the most important pieces of information available to
horse riders’ and yet basically never taught at Pony Club, Tafe or much anywhere
else. Funny about that.
THE SECOND STAGE
Your horse should leg yield as part of it's training. You then utilize this capacity to move off your leg, to complete the 'One Rein Stop', by doing this.
As you take the
lateral flexion, you put the inside leg (the one on the same side as the rein
that you have taken) behind the girth and move the rear end of the horse over to
do a turn on the forehand, thereby, 'dis-engaging the hind quarters' of the
horse and taking the power away for any naughty intentions like bucking. Now you
have the 'Power of the Full One Rein Stop'
SUBMISSION AND LIGHTNESS
If a horse is mouthed well, it will
have a lateral mouth which is that of silk. I have found over the years, that if
one carries out certain rituals whenever they are on the horse, that lateral
mouth is maintained forever. Yes I promote it's use for the protection of life
and limb with Novice Riders' and many other control reasons but it is the
maintenance of the lateral mouth that the One Rein Stop ensures if done with
regularity. The Lateral Mouth has a huge bearing on the total and overall
submission of the horse in many ways, the maintenance of lightness of the front
mouth as I call it being one of them. This lateral lightness and giving of the
jaw, provides a Philip for the ongoing Dressage Training including suppleness
and bend, front mouth lightness, submission of the jaw and collection later. As
the only Dressage Coach of my wife and highly involved in getting her old horse
to Grand Prix, such things interest me but they often don't interest the
Dressage Rider. Over the years as I have handed countless horses over to
Competition types, I have always pointedly promoted the above but rarely have
they listened. That's fine and I don't care at all but I must admit that I have
never gone to this detail or tangent, rather that of them protecting their asses
with the controls the good lateral mouth provides and so that they can live to
'fight another day' with their young horses and get through the dangerous
periods which face the amateur. Few can ride a buck jumper. Fall once and your
product is spoiled. So is the name of the 'Breaker'. The lateral mouth also
controls the mind and the mind controls the mouth. Lightness of the lateral
mouth which is far more achievable in terms of maintenance than lightness of the
front mouth, therefore has the 'Lion's share' of keeping the mind light and in
turn the entire horse which transfers to the front mouth anyhow. Lightness and
submission starts with the laterals imho and the ORS is an overwhelming tool for
the protection of the ongoing package.
Yesterday as I was riding my
OTTB that I have re-trained using your methods